Persian Tribal/Nomadic Rugs
There are around 1.5 million nomads living in Iran today, and although this is gradually decreasing, the tradition of moving according to seasons, heading north in the summer and south in the winter, is a key part of the tribal community tradition. The sheep then graze in high altitudes with lush foliage, which will then create good strong quality wool to make the tribal rugs.
The Lors and Baktiars are two Persian tribal groups who migrate in the Zagros Mountains. Many of them have now settled in communities in the Lorestan area.
Baluch Nomads are from western areas of Pakistan where many Turkish tribes had settled years ago.
The Shiraz and Quashgai Nomadic people are from the South West area known as Fars region. Rugs are not woven in Shiraz itself but in the surrounding areas, it is here where many of the original nomads have settled over time. However, this is an area where you still find many Quashgai nomads migrating.
Tribal or Nomadic rugs are named after the people and are all distinctively different:
Thick and durable tribal rugs. The designs are usually floral or garden inspired, the garden motif (khesti) is the most recognisable design. The rug is divided into individual squares with animals and plants acting as symbols.
These tribal rugs are always a mixture of red and brown colours. They are mainly geometric in designs with life trees and are mostly made as small rugs. Both Bakhtiar and Baluch rugs use cotton or wool warp, weft and always a wool pile.
Shiraz and Guashgai
Often geometric in style, featuring people and many small familiar animals. They are mainly woven from memory, the rugs often have a centrally placed medallion repeating in all four corners with a variety of birds, trees and flowers in the design. Pictorial rugs illustrating lions are also made to honour tribal leaders. The materials used for Persian Shiraz and Quashgai rugs are usually warp, weft and pile in wool.