Persian pure hand knotted silk carpets and rugs are made in and around the famously known Holy city of Qum. These rugs are known around the world for being the finest of all silk rugs.
The production of Qum silk rugs began in the early 1930’s. Qum is famously known for their incredible fine workmanship, with the pile being of 100% silk. They have a very high knot density and come in a variety of designs. As it is relatively new to weaving rugs, Qum has borrowed designs from all the traditional weaving areas. The designs vary from central medallion and corner designs, to intricate hunting designs and pictorial patterns that describe scenes from everyday life. The majority of Qum silk rugs are small to medium in size.
The production of Silk, originally came from China and spread into Iran towards the end of the Sasanian era, around the 6th century A.D. It was one of the first products that attracted European merchants to Persia. A disease that spread from Europe around the 1860’s effected silk production in Persia. It was only until around the early 1900 that the production returned in a large enough quantity to be exported.
The silk is divided into different qualities:
Third grade quality silk is used for the thread of the weft, the threads woven into the warp after each row of knots has been forced down into place with a comp.
Second grade quality silk is used for the warp, the threads that are stretched parallel between the two horizontal beams of the loom.
First grade quality silk is the highest grade which is left for the pile, the visible part of the silk rug. This consists of silk hand knotted into the warp threads.